A non-governmental organization is a non-profit organization, it functions independently without
the support of government. It mainly organized in the national and international level for specific
purposes such as social, political and cooperative.
The World Bank categorizes NGOs into two categories one as operational NGOs and the other
as advocacy NGOs, the operational NGOs are primarily concerned with improvement projects
and the advocacy NGOs are concerned with promoting a cause. The variations of NGOs
includes

  • BINGO: This is a big international NGO like Red Cross.
  • ENGO: This is concerned with the natural NGO.
  • GONGO: GONGO (Government managed NGO) is not an NGO it’s an association
    formed by a government which resembles the NGO.
  • RINGO: (Religious international NGO) this is related to the religious activities.
  • INGO: International NGO, Oxfam is an example of the International NGO.

Level of operation:

  • Community-based organizations: This can raise the consciousness of the urban poor,
    teaching them about their rights and providing services related to that.
  • City-wide organizations: which includes community, ethnic, educational groups, industry
    etc.
  • State NGOs: This includes state-level organizations, this state NGOs are guided by
    national and international NGOs.
  • National NGOs: it includes all the national organizations, they have state and city
    branches.
  • International NGOs: They fund the local agencies and implement projects.

Operational NGOs: They look into small-scale projects and mobilize financial resources, and
volunteers to create local programs. They have a hierarchical structure, the headquarters are
staffed by professionals who plan all the projects which is related to delivery of services,
emergency relief and environmental issues. They can be religious or secular, public or private.
Operational NGOs can be community based and is always implementation of projects.
Campaigning NGOs: Campaigning NGOs is promoted indirectly with the influence of political
system, they plan to achieve large scale change. They require well trained professionals to keep
the supporters motivated. They actively conduct events that attract the social media.
Combined NGOs: They often conduct programs which can support individual victims, they act
like a human-right organizations.
Public Relations: NGOs often need public relations to accomplish their goals and also to raise
their funds.

How funding is done to NGO:

NGOs depend on variety of funds but the maximum fund is obtained by donations, some NGOs
run by formal funding the others by volunteers. Funding resources includes the sales of goods
and services, operations, salaries and other over heads. They also rely on the membership dues,
private donations, grants from other non-profits and government funding.
Here are few simple steps where in you can raise the funding for new, small NGOs:

  • First of all know your organization’s needs, only after knowing your needs then you can
    ask for help. The things you need to look at is “the place that you are going to work”, and
    know about your work that you are engaged in, and finally fix the budget.
  • Know about the donors that match your NGO.
  • Before sending a proposal try to research some details about the donors.
  • Develop an application then follow up.